The Stage of Legality: The Stories

THE PROJECT

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Bruno Caccia
Turin’s state prosecutor, killed by the ‘ndrangheta in June 1983. The controversial story of the only murder committed by the ‘ndrangheta in North Italy, which casts a spotlight on the impenetrable network of relations during the eighties, connecting various members of organised crime in Calabria to representatives of Piedmont’s institutions and justice system.

Short circuit
An anti-mafia cultural association from Reggio Emilia created by university students. Formed in 2009 as an independent student publication and web-tv for schools. Through video investigations and special reports, it highlighted the way that organised crime had seeped into the region.

Giovanni Tizian
A journalist from Calabria who emigrated to Emilia Romagna after the murder of his father, and a bank clerk who was never linked to the ‘ndrangheta. Having graduated in Criminology at the University of Bologna, he started to write for Gazzetta di Modena in 2006, leading on investigations into the Mafia in the region. He has lived under police protection since 2011.

Gaetano Saffioti
A building contractor from Calabria. He opposed the violence of the ‘ndrangheta for years, until he finally decided to denounce them so he could reclaim his own freedom, becoming a witness. His denunciation contributed to the arrests of many bosses in Piana di Gioia Tauro. Today, he lives under police protection, but continues to work in Calabria.

Figli in Famiglia Association
A youth social centre in an apartment seized by the Mazzarella clan in San Giovanni a Teduccio, a suburb in the east of Naples.

Gabriella Augusta Maria Leone
The Mayor of Leinì, a town in the province of Turin. This is the story of renewed social and political commitment in an area that had been overrun with the Mafia’s involvement.

Maria Stefanelli
The first woman to collaborate with justice against the ‘ndrangheta in the North, who belonged to Mafia families. She lives with her daughter under police protection and was a witness in the Minotaur trial, which investigated the infiltration of the Calabrian mafia into Piedmont.

Sanitaensamble
A youth orchestra active in Rione Sanità in Naples, a district often associated with stories of neglect and marginalisation, which offers children, teenagers and young people with a high quality musical education.

Federica Angeli
A journalist for La Repubblica who lives in Ostia, the municipality in Rome unravelled in 2015 because of Mafia infiltration. Because of her courageous investigations and reports, she lives under police protection.

TorPiùBella
Urban and social regeneration association for the community of Tor Bella Monaca, a district of Rome that is sadly known for the strong presence of organised crime.

La paranza social cooperative
Founded in 2006 by a group of young people from Rione Sanità in Naples, it has contributed to the rediscovery and revaluation of the district’s artistic and cultural heritage. Throughout the years, they have planned and developed various paths of training, work schemes, exchanges and networking events for people, bodies and associations.

Perego strade
An example of how the ‘ndrangheta enters a business, with its methods of insertion in a healthy industry, with the sole aim of emptying all its social and economic capital.

Elena Ferraro
A young entrepreneur from Trapani. She refused to pay protection money to the cousin of the fugitive Matteo Messina Denaro and reported their extorsion. Her testimony contributed to the arrests of various Mafia members.

Fiume in piena
A popular movement that gathers together citizens, students, associations, and social and regional representatives from the triangle of the ‘Land of Fires’, on the front line of fighting to save the environment against abuses by organised crime.

The Masaniello Ristorante Farm – Pizzeria Etica
Born in the Pilastro district in Bologna, it involves disadvantaged workers a network of regional associations and cooperatives. To cook, they use products made in social cooperatives that work land taken from the Mafia, such as Slow Food, anti-racket businesses or that work in prison.

Nicoletta Polifroni
26 years old from Calabria, he studied law in Bologna. In 1996, his father, a building contractor, was killed by the ‘ndrangheta because he refused to pay protection money.

We have also used stories, reflections and human archetypes that summarise the complexity of a problem that can no longer be faced by establishing a barrier between those who are “contaminated” and those who are not.

Between 2011 and 2017, we came across many, many stories, and we wanted to tell them all. Our thanks go to:

 

CAMPANIA

Alberto Vallefuoco, Rosario Flaminio, Salvatore De Falco: killed in Pomigliano D’Arco on 20 July 1998 because they were mistaken for people who belonged to a rival clan to the killer’s.

Silvia Ruotolo: killed in Salita Arenella, Naples, on 11 June 1997, by a stray bullet in the middle of a shoot-out between clans.

Pasquale Cappuccio: alderman of Ottaviano, killed on 13 September 1978 because he reported the collusion of the mob with politics based on contracts and building speculation by the boss, Cutolo.

Mimmo Beneventano: alderman of Ottaviano, killed by Cutolo’s men on 7 November 1980 because he denounced the Camorra’s building speculation.

Marcello Torre: Mayor of Pagani, killed by the Camorra on 11 December 1980 because he opposed the infiltration of the Mafia in tender bids for the removal of post-earthquake ruins.

Fabio De Pandi: 11 years old, killed on 21 July 1991 in Rione Traiano by a stray bullet following a shoot-out between rival clans.

Annalisa Durante: 14 years old, killed in Forcella on 27 March 2004, during a shoot-out between rival clans.

Federico Del Prete: trade unionist for door-to-door salesmen, killed on 18 February 2002 in Casal di Principe because he denounced the mob in the markets of the provinces of Caserta and Naples.

Teresa Buonocore: killed on 20 September 2010 in Ponte dei Francesi in Naples for having testified at the trial against the paedeophile who abused young girls, including his daughter.

Paolino Avella: killed in San Sebastiano al Vesuvio on 5 April 2003 following an attempted kidnap on motorbike.

Don Peppe Diana: killed on 19 March 1994, the parish priest in Casal di Principe, paid for his exposure of the Camorra with his life. His writing Per amore del mio popolo non tacerò is still one of the most important pieces of cultural reference of anti-mafia works to date.

Giancarlo Siani: journalist for Il Mattino, killed by the Camorra on 23 September 1985 for having reported the mob’s criminal activities and its infiltration into politics in Torre Annunziata.

“Gelsomina Verde” Office of Cultures Run by the Anti-Camorra Resistance Association in what used to be a school in Scampia, used by the Camorra to hide weapons and as a shelter for drug addicts. The centre hosts workshops, a music school, a social gym and a community of lodgings for minors.

Agropoli Cooperative Formed in 1999 by a group of young people in San Cipriano d’Aversa and by the parents of disabled children. It was seized from Mafia boss Pasquale Spierto and converted to welcome people affected by mental illnesses. The cooperative’s most important activity is the Trattoria NCO, New Organised Cooking. The disabled children work in the trattoria, which uses products that come from lands seized from the Mafia.

Radio Siani Dedicated to the memory of Giancarlo Siani, inaugurated on 16 March 2009 and seized from Mafia boss Giovanni Birra in Ercolano. It is a radio show born from the experience of Peppino Impastato’s Radio Onda Pazza del Circolo Arci in San Giovanni a Teduccio.

“Al di là dei sogni” Cooperative A good seized from Mafia boss Antonio Moccia in Sessa Aurunca, it manages a welcome centre for insertion into the workplace, through the cultivation of lands and dogs for pet therapy.

“Le terre di Don Peppe Diana” Cooperative Formed through public tender in 2010, it has leased the farming estate that belonged to Mafia boss Michele Zaza in Castel Volturno to establish a training farm and cheese factory that produces the “Mozzarella of Legality”, the first product from Campania made on lands seized from the Camorra.

Marano Ragazzi Spot Festival This awards the best social advertisements designed and created by young people in Italian primary, middle and high schools. The festival also hosts educational projects in collaboration with the Penitentiary Centres of Campania and, in particular, the Juvenile Penitentiary Centre of Nisida.

Silvia Ruotolo Foundation It is determined to oppose the deviance of Mafia subculture starting from infancy, because the youth who shot Silvia Ruotolo on that fateful day made an absurd opportunity from criminality for the future.

 

SICILY

Giovanni Falcone: magistrate, killed on 23 May 1992, along with his wife Francesca Morvillo, and agents who were escorting them, Rocco Dicillo, Antonio Montinaro and Vito Schifani.

Paolo Borsellino: magistrate, killed on 19 July 1992, along with five agents who were escorting him, Emanuela Loi, Agostino Catalano, Vincenzo Li Muli, Walter Eddie Cosina and Claudio Traina.

Giuseppe Todaro: an entrepreneur from Carini who denounced those exorting her. Today, she is a part of the Addiopizzo network.

Addiopizzo A movement born in Palermo, formed by all the men and women, girls and boys, and shopkeepers and consumers alike who find themselves in the phrase “An entire people who pays protection money is a people without dignity.”

Graziella Campagna: 17 years old, killed in Villafranca Tirrena on 12 December 1985 because she found a piece of paper that revealed the name of one of the Palermitan Mafia bosses in the pocket of a jacket that had been left at the dry cleaner’s where she worked.

Libero Grassi: an entrepreneur, killed on 29 August 1991 in Palermo because he refused to pay protection money.

Peppino Impastato: killed in Cinisi on 9 May 1978 because he denounced speculation and the Mafia’s business, even within his own family.

Falcone Foundation It promotes a culture of civic commitment and education in legal affairs through initiatives of a social and cultural character that involve young people. It promotes the perfecting of competences of the investigative and legal apparatus to prevent and oppose organised crime. It supports integration and cooperation between European and international legal systems. In 1996, the UN awarded it with its status as a consultor as an NGO at ECOSOC.

Paolo Borsellino Centre It looks up to the teachings of the judge Borsellino to overcome Mafia subculture. It promotes activities aimed at developed knowledge and educational, social and cultural practices that give value to approaches of “working memory”.

The Giuseppe Impastato Sicilian Documentation Centre It is the first study centre on the Mafia in Italy, founded in 1977 by Umberto Santino and Anna Puglisi. The Centre aims to develop knowledge of the Mafia phenomenon and other similar phenomena, on a national and international scale. It promotes initiatives to instil a culture of legality, development and democratic participation, through the collection of materials of a political, economic, historical, and sociological nature, as well as studies, pieces of research and cultural initiatives.

daSud Born in Calabria in 2005 to experiment with potential paths for social justice, developing rights as an instrument of opposing the clans rebuilding popular support against the Mafia. It tells the stories of the Mafia’s femicides with comic strips, music and innovative language, analysing the transformation of the rule of women in the clans and promotes campaigns and policies in favour of gender equality. Since 2009, the association has been based in Rome, opening the first Mafia and anti-Mafia media centre in the capital. At the end of 2015, it closed its headquarters but continued to operate in the city.

Spiaggia Libera S*P*Q*R*  This is an example of virtuous management of a beach in Ostia, entrusted to UISP and Libera throw a public tender, which was the subject of hostile, unclear dynamics, which ended up attracting the attention of magistrates and papers.

Grand Hotel Gianicolo A hotel in Rome taken over by the ‘ndrangheta, today entrusted to the judicial administrators appointed by the Public Prosecutor, having become a virtuous example of entrepreneurial ethics.

 

LOMBARDY

Lea Garofalo: A witness, killed by the ‘ndrangheta on 24 November 2009 because she decided to testify about the internal feuds between her family and her ex-partner’s, Carlo Cosco.

Erminio Barzaghi: Former Mayor of Giussano, one of the leaders of the fight against organised crime in the eighties.

Maria Ferrucci: She was a Councillor for 5 years in Corsico before becoming Mayor for a subsequent 5 years. She was threatened because she denounced the presence of the ‘ndrangheta in her city.

Ester Castano: The young journalist who, in 2012, during an investigation, revealed several infiltrations in the town of Sedriano, six months before Milan’s Public Prosecutor made arrests.

La tela – social osteria of wellbeing Born from land seized from Mafia boss Giuseppe Antonio Medici in 2010, reused by the Arcadia cooperative since 5 December 2015. This is a virtuous example of social entrepreneurship, helping disadvantaged people to get back into the workplace.

 

CALABRIA

Antonio Bartuccio: former Mayo of Rizziconi, who has now lived under police protection for years because he denounced the local clans who wanted to impose laws on the Council and its administration.

GOEL Cooperative Group Born in 2003 with the aim of providing “socio-economic change in Locride and Calabria”, recognising the social enterprise as the primary motor of this change. GOEL manages, as well as organic food production under the GOEL Bio brand (which relies on manufacturers who were the victims of the Mafia), the Turismo Responsabile tour operation, with the first brand of high fashion ethics in Italy, CANGIARI.